Have you ever wondered what are the most expensive and cheapest food you can make in kitchens? It’s mushroom! Mushrooms such as cordyceps, truffle and morel are almost as expensive as gold while oyster mushrooms are one of the major protein sources for low-income people in the developing countries and for people during the hard time. Humans are not the only animals who grow mushrooms. Did you know termites and ants cultivate mushroom for food and other uses?
Mushroom is a fungal growth that usually takes the form of a domed cap on a stalk, often with gills on the underside of the cap, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source. You can see more dazzling shapes and colors of mushrooms in website TaylorLockwood.com.
White button mushroom are commonly sold in US supermarket. About 20% of US population regularly consumes mushrooms; among them, 90% only eat white button or related mushrooms. There are somewhere 40 types of mushroom that are edible. Certainly, they taste different from the few ones in the supermarket. In addition to its food uses, mushrooms have been historically used as medicinal remedies. Actually, a lot of current prescribed drugs were initially discovered from mushrooms and fungi, e.g. immunosuppressive drug cyclosporin, anti-cancer drug Taxol, and more… Mushroom Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi/Lingzhi) has been used for hundred years to cure swelling diseases (tumors) and it contains variety of chemical compounds called Triterpenoids; one of the synthetic triterpenoid, CDDO, has been on clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00322140). Mushrooms have magic healing power but “magic mushrooms (psilocybin/psychedelic mushrooms)” are classified as controlled substance in most US towns. Several easy to cultivate mushrooms are: King Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii), White/Grey Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus-white), Lion’s Mane Mushroom (Hericium erinaceus), Shiitake Mushroom (Lentinula edodes) and Blue Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus-blue)